As the Chancellor of the Exchequer, he is the government chief financial minister and, therefore, responsible for raising revenue through taxation or borrowing and for controlling public spending. He has overall responsibility for the work of the treasury.
Among other things, Mr Kwarteng is to tackle a cost-of-living crisis with a tax-cutting, and big-spending plan that has worried markets, towards saving the British economy.
The 47 year-old Britain’s first Black Chancellor is the son of Ghanaian immigrants and scored a “double-first” at Cambridge University in Classics and History, also attending Harvard University in the United States.
He was elected the conservative MP for Spelthorne, which borders London’s south-west suburbs, in 2010. Before then he worked as an analyst in financial services.
The British economy is forecast to go into a long recession later this year, with inflation at a 40-year high and limits on options for boosting growth.
As Business and Energy Minister under former Premier Boris Johnson, Kwarteng backs his new Boss’ low tax, free market approach to the economy, a meeting of minds that could signal a cordial relationship at the heart of government.
“Kwasi Kwarteng clearly has been a big part of Team Truss… so she’s putting in someone who she thinks shares her sort of governing philosophy and priorities,” said Jill Rutter, the Senior Fellow at the Institute for Government think-tank and a former Treasury official.
“The energy and business background should stand him, in terms of understanding the real economy, in quite good stead… what he’s not done is a big public service job or a big spending job.”
Mr Kwarteng is an economic historian and, like many in the governing Conservative Party, says he admires former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the right-wing economic legacy she left, even writing a book about her.
But he has played down the extent to which her anti-statist ideals can be realised in the modern economy, saying re-living her approach today is “completely mistaken.”
“The responses to that are not coming out of the 1980s textbook,” he told the BBC in a podcast last year about his political ideology, giving the example of achieving net-zero emissions targets as an area where government involvement is key.
“You’ve got to adapt to the context in which you’re living.”
Mr Kwarteng’s former role running the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) means he has met regularly with energy sector officials, and already put thought into what Britain’s economy should look like in the medium term after leaving the European Union.
A committed Brexit supporter, Kwarteng has endeared himself to the right of the party, making a name for himself with his views in favour of lower taxes, a smaller state and deregulation in his book “Britannia Unchained,” co-authored by Truss and other lawmakers.
However, in government he has been more pragmatic. Mr Kwarteng stopped a review into working practice regulations when he became business minister last year, saying Brexit was not about “whittling away workers’ rights, trying to have a race to the bottom or trying to reduce wages.” He has also overseen the introduction of the National Security and Investment Act that has seen the government intervene in a couple of Chinese-backed takeover deals.
But he is increasingly frustrated by the reliance of British industries on government support, those who know him say. “I wouldn’t call him the most creative policymaker but he will listen to ideas and consider views,” one Westminster source said.
Some of his Conservative colleagues question what he has tangibly achieved while at BEIS and his credentials for the finance ministry. “Some say he’s not tough enough to do the Chancellor job at a time when Britain needs someone who can push things through,” one lawmaker said, while a veteran Conservative said the Treasury would “approve of his brain (but) disapprove of his independence.”
Like Mr Johnson, Mr Kwarteng went to school at the prestigious and elite Eton College on a scholarship. While at Cambridge he was a member of a winning team on popular TV quiz show University Challenge, and he has ten several books including one on the history of the British Empire.
He has said that, although he experienced racist insults growing up in the eighties, he does not see himself as a symbol of anyone other than his constituents in Spelthorne.
“I actually think that it’s not that much of a big deal,” he said after being appointed as the first Black Conservative front-bench minister.
“I think once you’ve made the point, I don’t think it’s something that comes up that much.”
Kwasi Kwarteng was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer on 6 September 2022.
He was previously Secretary of State at the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy between 8 January 2021 and 6 September 2022.
He was previously Minister of State at the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.
Kwasi was Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Department for Exiting the European Union from 16 November 2018 to 24 July 2019.
Kwasi read classics and history at Trinity College, Cambridge, and then attended Harvard University on a Kennedy Scholarship. He earned a PhD in economic history from the University of Cambridge in 2000.
Before becoming a Member of Parliament, Kwasi worked as an analyst in financial services.
Kwasi was elected the Conservative MP for Spelthorne in 2010. From 2010 until 2013 he was a member of the Transport Select Committee, and in 2013 he joined the Work and Pensions Select Committee where he was a member until 2015.
In October 2016 Kwasi joined the Public Accounts Committee, where he was a member until May 2017.
In 2015 Kwasi was appointed as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Leader of the House of Lords, and in 2017 he became Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Kwasi’s passions include history, music and languages. He has lived in and around London for most of his life. He has authored several books, including Ghosts of Empire, War and Gold and Thatcher’s Trial.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the government’s chief financial minister and as such is responsible for raising revenue through taxation or borrowing and for controlling public spending. He has overall responsibility for the work of the Treasury.
The Chancellor’s responsibilities cover: